In his resignation letter, Ranil Jayawardena, Private Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Labour and Pensions, wrote that the draft agreement was not fair to those who voted to leave the EU “to regain control of our laws, our borders and our money. The draft agreement does not do that. The NI protocol, known as “backstop,” is supposed to be temporary and applies unless it is replaced by a future relationship agreement that the parties will attempt to reach by December 31, 2020. The protocol provides that the common travel area and North-South cooperation will continue to a large extent as they do today, as well as the internal electricity market (so that some EU legislation on wholesale electricity markets will continue to apply). Two and a half years after the UK`s withdrawal from the EU, the British cabinet on Wednesday night backed the text of the draft withdrawal agreement drawn up by British and European negotiators, but the consequences have already begun on Thursday with a series of ministerial resignations. Ultimately, the Irish border will not be addressed under the Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (FTA), which both sides are expected to sign after the UK bloc withdrew on 29 March next year. But she says that will only be the case if MPs agree to approve the withdrawal agreement in the House of Commons in the first week of June. The withdrawal agreement negotiated between the EU and the UK and concluded on 14 November 2018 will be discussed in detail in this briefing. It was approved by the heads of state and government of EU Member States at an extraordinary European Council on 25 November, and the British Prime Minister did so in the British Parliament and across the country. The agreement has been the subject of in-depth discussions in Parliament on several occasions and has been adopted three times. But the House of Commons did not accept it. A second extension of Article 50 lasted until 31 October 2019, but once again the UK faces the possibility of leaving the EU without a deal if the agreement or any other agreement is not ratified by the UK and the EU. Think of it as the UK-EU separation agreement. On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to grant a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable he had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation was on pause.
  The withdrawal agreement sets the terms for a transitional period after the UNITED Kingdom`s withdrawal from the bloc, while long-term agreements are negotiated.