A non-invitation agreement for workers, also known as a non-interference or non-competition agreement, is found in all types of employment contracts, including letters of offer of employment and severance contracts. Such commitments may be their own separate contract or be provided as a single clause in a larger employment contract. When an employee signs a non-claim agreement for employees, he promises not to solicit, seduce or otherwise encourage employees to leave their current employer to work either for or with the employee who signed the agreement. In Los Angeles, the main purpose of employee non-demand agreements is to prevent raids by former employees who have found new employment with their former employer`s competitors or who have decided to start their own business that performs work similar to that of a former employer. So far, California courts have not formally overturned staff non-invitation agreements and have been declared illegal under California law. The applicability of non-claim agreements to staff under California law depends on the context of the agreement and the extent of the provision. When considering whether a non-demand agreement should be maintained for employees, there are two main things that will be considered by the courts: when obtaining employees, it is customary for non-addictive agreements to prohibit an outgoing employee from “disrupting the company`s relationship with a company employee or trying to move him away from the company.” In other words, if the telephone shop manager gave up opening her own store, she could be contractually barred from offering jobs to her former colleagues to find her new store. California courts have declared the bans legal on the grounds that they “take into account the interests of an employer that maintains a stable workforce and remains in operation,” despite the restriction of activity. However, this type of non-invitation agreement must be considered “appropriate” both in scope and time. Workers` non-pay agreements are generally considered to be under the aegis of employment contracts that prohibit a former worker from engaging in a similar activity of his former employer and from working with or for a competitor of his former employer as soon as the initial employment contract is terminated. Under California labour law, these agreements are unented and illegal because they interfere with a worker`s ability to freely engage in a professional activity of choice.
In California, non-competition agreements are governed by Section 16600 of the Business and Professions Code, which states that “except as stipulated in this chapter, any contract by which a person is deterred from practising any profession, business or business of any kind is invalidated in this regard.” The law authorizes non-competitive agreements in connection with the sale or dissolution of capital companies (Az.: 16601), partnerships (Az.: 16602) and limited liability companies (Az.: 16602.5).